Walls don’t just provide integral structural support to homes and offices, but they also determine the indoor air quality, indoor temperature, and your health and wellness in the process. Some studies by the EPA or Environmental Protection Agency show that most Americans spend 90% of their time in indoor spaces where improper air circulation and ventilation cause heavier concentration of pollutants in the indoor air. Certain chemicals used for building walls like volatile organic compounds, inorganic gases and mold and mildew can cause this problem too. These issues plague the Indian construction scene as well. Walls also determine the humidity inside a building and the amount of outdoor noise you will be subjected to. Here is a look at the health problems this can cause.
Health effects of poor quality walls
Nasal and chest congestion, headache, nausea, sore throat, eye problems, chills and muscle pain are some of the common health issues you might face in case your house or office has poor quality walls. Many people are allergic to the harmful chemicals used in traditional walls and can develop dizziness, wheezing, dry skin and so on. You might face problem in concentrating on your chores, and children, pets and elderly family members are more likely to be affected.
What is the solution – go green!
It’s time to move away from conventional clay bricks, as they not only deplete the alluvial soil layer, but also cause pollution during the manufacturing process. They are prone to mold and offer no noise or heat insulation. Using green walling solutions though can help in building walls that impact your health positively as they emit no harmful gases and discourage mildew. These products include CE certified AAC blocks, and block-joining and tile-laying adhesives, gypsum and ready mix plasters. The benefits of AAC blocks are especially notable:
Resistance to pests – These blocks don’t contain any organic compounds and are resistant against common pests, termites and mold. By using them to build walls, you can prevent lung infections, malaria, dengue, common fever and allergies.
Superb water barrier – AAC blocks feature uniformly spread out macro pores that resists capillary action and absorb minimal water. So, during the monsoon season, they hardly allow any water seepage. So, you can avoid the health problems that arise due to damp walls like fevers, chills and pneumonia.
Thermal insulation – Walls constructed with AAC blocks will keep you insulated against outside weather conditions. They will keep you cool during summer and warm during winters. Hence, you can prevent common cold, heat exhaustion, cramps, and heat rashes. AAC blocks are also fire-resistant and can endure temperatures up to 1200⁰C.
Sound insulation – Noise pollution can not only cause hearing loss, but also lead to stress, high blood pressure, and even heart attacks. Some studies have found that aircraft and traffic noise can delay learning in children and affect their memory. But, a superior sound reduction index makes AAC blocks better at sound insulation than traditional clay bricks. With sound absorption index of A0, they reflect all sound. So, the interior of a home or office is protected from outside noise pollution. This improves hearing, sleep, mental peace and concentration.
Apart from the above benefits, AAC blocks are lightweight, robust and resistant to earthquakes, which can prevent dangers from natural calamities. So, you see how walls built with the right materials can go a long way in nurturing your physical and mental health, and can help you reduce carbon footprint affordably.